First-time home buyers in Washington tend to have a lot of questions about mortgage insurance. Common questions include: Do all first-time buyers have to pay for mortgage insurance? What kinds of mortgage loans require it? And how much do these policies cost? Here are answers to these and other frequently asked questions.
Mortgage Insurance for First-Time Buyers
You won’t “trigger” a mortgage insurance requirement just because you’re a first-time home buyer. It has more to do with the size of your loan, in relation to the home’s value.
Washington mortgage rates insurance is usually required whenever the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio rises above 80%. This means that if you take out a single mortgage loan to buy a house, and make a down payment below 20%, you’ll probably be required to pay for mortgage insurance. This is true whether you are a first-time or repeat home buyer. It’s just an industry requirement.
It’s also important to realize that there are different kinds of mortgage insurance, just like there are different types of home loans available to borrowers in Washington. These policies fall into one of two categories:
- PMI. Private mortgage insurance (PMI) is used for conventional home loans that are not backed or guaranteed by the government. The cost of PMI can vary depending on several factors. These premiums usually range from 0.3% to 1.5% of the original loan amount, paid annually. According to an analysis conducted by the research team at Freddie Mac, borrowers who are required to pay for private mortgage insurance can expect to pay “somewhere between $30 and $70 per month for every $100,000 borrowed.”
- FHA: First-time home buyers in Washington who use FHA loans also have to pay mortgage insurance, in most cases. FHA loans actually have two different kinds of premiums. There is an upfront premium that usually equals 1.75% of the loan amount. There is also an annual premium, and it can vary based on the size and term of the loan. The annual premium for most FHA home buyers is 0.85%, when making the minimum down payment of 3.5%.
A key difference here is that private mortgage insurance typically can be canceled when the homeowner reaches a certain equity level. But with an FHA loan, most borrowers have to pay the annual mortgage insurance premium for the life of the loan. So that’s an important consideration for Washington first-time buyers who have to pay mortgage insurance on their loans.
Upside: Buying Sooner With Less Money Down
There’s an upside to all of this. PMI (and the FHA equivalent) allow home buyers to purchase a house sooner and with less money down. The downside, of course, is that it increases the size of your monthly payments. But for many first-time home buyers in Washington, the benefits of having a smaller down payment far outweigh the costs of mortgage insurance.
Here’s a recap of key points covered in this article:
- Some first-time buyers in Washington have to pay mortgage insurance, while others do not. It largely depends on the loan-to-value ratio and the down payment amount.
- When the LTV rises above 80% (as is the case with home buyers who put less than 20% down), mortgage insurance is typically required.
- There are two basic kinds of mortgage insurance – private and government. PMI is applied to conventional home loans that are not backed by the government. FHA loans have government-provided insurance requirements, some of which must be paid for the life of the loan.
- Without these policies, most home buyers would have to make larger down payments and would therefore have to wait longer before buying a home.